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    Study Guide Chapter 13 - North and South

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    Section 1:  The North’s Economy - pages 389-393

    Objective:  Describe the innovations in industry, travel, and communications that changed the lives of Americans in the 1800’s.


    1.Who is credited with inventing the sewing machine?

    1. The Midwest and East ,by 1860, were connected by what type of transportation network?

    2. What invention made growing wheat more profitable?

    3. Who developed a code made of dots and dashes to transmit telegraphs?

    4. Who is credited with inventing the steel tipped plow?

    Section 2:  The North’s People - pages 394-399

    Objective:  Discuss the impact of immigration on cities, industry, and culture in the North.

    1. What organization was formed of workers with the same skills, with the intent to improve working conditions?

    2. Why did many Irish immigrated to the United States during the 1840’s?

    3. Which country had the second largest groups of immigrants coming to the US between 1820 and 1840?

    4. What tactic did workers use to put pressure on employers?

    5. Who became the first African-American licensed lawyer in the United States?

    6. Who founded the Female Labor Reform Organization and what problems did they face in the workplace?

    7. What party was formed in 1849 by people who were anti-immigration (nativists)?

    Section 3:  Southern Cotton Kingdom - pages 400-403

    Objective:  Explain how the South’s industry and economy differed from the North’s industry and economy.

    1. Where in the world was there great demand for the South’s cotton?

    2. What did the thriving cotton economy of the South depend on?

    3. What were the main crops of the Upper South?

    4. What were the main crops of the Lower South?

    5. Who was the South Carolina merchant that opened a textile factory?

    6. What was the main mode of transportation for goods used by the South?

    7. What mode of transportation was severely lacking in the South and would become a setback for this region during the Civil War?

    Section 4:  The South’s People - pages 406-412

    Objective;  Describe how unique elements of culture developed among enslaved African Americans in the South.

    1. Which group of farmers made up the biggest group of whites in the South?

    2. What group of Southerners measured their wealth partly by the number of enslaved people they controlled?

    3. Most enslaved people on plantations worked in what type of job?

    4. Who watched over the enslaved household workers  and tended to them when they became ill?

    5. Who led a group of enslaved African- Americans in rebellion against their slaveholders in 1831?

    6. What is the name given to African-American folk songs that expressed the passionate beliefs of the South’s enslaved workers?

    7. What is the term given to a network of safe houses that assisted runaway slaves?